Main discussion of the essay
Adonis was a handsome youth loved by both Aphrodite and Persephone. Aphrodite was Goddess of love and beauty and daughter of Zeus in ancient mythology; identified with Roman Venus. Adonis was killed by a boar and spends most of his time underworld and also on the earth. A temple stands in his memory where he died. William Shakespeare has made Aphrodite the heroin of his poem, Venus and Adonis in the following words:
I will be a park and thou shalt be my deer
Feed where thou wilt, on mountains or in dale
Graze on my lips or if those hills be dry
Stray lower where the pleasant fountains lie
Shakespeare has given superiority to Adonis and the repeated lines: Graze on my lips and Stray lower has been refrain. This coupling is far better than killings of human beings or sacred prostitution despite being immoral.
is an ancient city of Byblos , on the Phoenicia Mediterranean Sea, near present-day . Extensive archaeological investigations, begun in 1921, indicate that Beirut, Lebanon is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world, with remains of civilizations dating from about 5000 bc. The city was the principal city of Byblos and an important seaport during the 2nd millennium bc, when it exported cedar and other woods to Phoenicia . The name Egypt , applied by the Greeks to papyrus, which they imported from Byblos , is the source of the word Bible. Gebal was the biblical name for the city; the Book of Ezekiel (see 27:9) mentions the maritime pursuits of its inhabitants. The city of Byblos is now occupied by a Lebanese village called Jubayl. Byblos