The first major theme of “The Old man and the Sea” is that there are always two aspects to everyone’s life – positive and negative or good and bad. If he attends to the positive aspects and is hopeful, he can try to struggle and keep busy. This is what makes society an ongoing institution. This can be analyzed by looking at the life ofThey sent the boy to some other fisherman. Other fisherman made fun of the Old Man “and he was not angry”. He did not become hopeless, but started in his boat happily and hopefully to catch a big fish.
, the old sailor. Manolin’s parents said that he was salao or most unlucky because he could not catch any fish for many days with the boy. Santiago
The third theme of the novel is that struggle and effort are more important than success and achievement. After three days of tiresome fight with marlin,
had to face the fearful sharks. Knowing that his powers were limited against the unlimited number and strength of the sharks, he did the best of which he was capable. He reached the shore with the skeleton of marlin and met Manolin in a pleasant mood. He discussed with him his plan to go on another voyage to catch big fist. It showed that he was still a fighter. He believed that: “Man is not made for defeat.” The seas, then, represents life, the marlin and sharks represent the difficulties of life. Life is a struggle against these difficulties to finish them. If we cannot finish or defeat them, we should in any case go on fighting them. As the old man said about the sharks: “I will fight them until I die.” Though death and destruction are certain man should use the little time that he has in working, fighting and struggle for his aims. Thus only can life continue from one generation to another to the benefit of all, those in the struggle and those outside it. Santiago