The dawn of the Renaissance had brought in that century a spirit of rational enquiry and criticism which started taking the place of childlike faith and ignorant reverence of authority. In both secular and religious matters a spirit of revolt was impinging upon set traditions, authority and custom. Secular interests had started overshadowing religious interests. Interest was now apparent for the cultivation of classical humanistic learning. The "other worldliness" gave place to "this worldliness." A restless spirit of exploration and discovery was aboard. However, the excess of materialism and the weakening of the religious bond also liberated the grosser instinct of some who aimed at material advancement at the cost of conscience and morality^. Bacon was an interesting figure of this interesting age. He represents both the splendour and the sordidness of the times. And so do his works. Let us see how.
respect he reminds one of the University Wits (like Marlowe, Peele, and Greene)-the most distinguished products of the Renaissance who lived depraved, godless lives. Though he but seldom indulges in irreligious or immoral observations, yet his tone and treatment betray the shallowness of his moral principles. His Essays, in the words of William Blake, are "good advice for Satan's kingdom."