Tuesday, March 22, 2011

English One-Word Vocabulary (A - B)

(A)

Abdicate
To relinquish formally a sovereign power.
Aborigine
One of the earliest known inhabitants of a country.
Abortive
Ineffectual and unsuccessful effort.
Abrogate
To make void by an authoritative act.

Abstain
Refraining from pleasure.
Adolescent
Growing from childhood to maturity.
Addressee
A person whom a letter is addressed.
Adult
One who is grown up.
Aesthetics
Art of the appreciation of the beautiful.
Agnostic
One who holds that nothing is known or likely to be known of the existence of God or of anything beyond material phenomena.
Agoraphobia
Morbid dread of being to open spaces
Agrarian
Pertaining to land, fields and their tenure.
Albumen
The white of an egg.
Alibi
The plea that when an alleged act took place, one was elsewhere.
Alien
A citizen of a foreign state.
Alienate
To turn somebody into an enemy.
Alimony
An allowance made by a man to a woman pending or after her divorce or legal separation from him.
Allegiance
Devotion or loyalty to that which is entitled to obedience and respect.
Allergy
Excessive sensitiveness to substances which can malignant to one’s temper or body.
Altruism
Regard for others as a principle of action.
Amateur
One who follows a pursuit without a professional purpose.
Ambassador
Official representative of a state in a foreign land.
Ambidextrous
One who can use both hands with equal skill.
Ambiguous
Doubtful and uncertain, specially from obscurity or indistinctness, also capable of being understood in two or more possible senses.
Amnesia
Loss of memory due to brain injury.
Amnesty
An act of sovereign power granting general pardon for a past offence.
Amphibious
One who is able to live both on land and in water.
Anarchist
One who stands for a terroristic resistance to all present, government and social orders.
Anarchy
A state when there is no law or supreme power.

Anachronism
An error in chronology by which events are misplaced in regard to each other; also anything not conforming in point of time to its surroundings.
Anglicize
Make English in form and character.
Annihilate
To destroy anything completely.
Anomalous
Deviating form a general rule or method.
Anonymous
Of unknown or unavowed authorship or donorship.
Antedate
The date as of a time prior to that of execution.
Antedate
The date as of a time prior to that of execution.
Antidote
A remedy to counteract the effects of poison; also whatever tends to counteract evil.
Antipathy
Aversion to or dislike of, any person or thing.
Antipodes
The part of the globe diametrically opposite.
Antiseptic
A substance that checks the growth or action of germs.
Antithesis
Contrast or opposition between two things, ideas etc.
Apathy
Indifference to what appeals to feelings or interest.
Apiary
A collection of hives or bec-keeping.
Apostate
One who forsakes his religion or principle.
Aquarium
An artificial tank where water plants or fish etc. are kept.
Aquatic
(of sports) conducted in or on water.
Archaeology
The scientific study of the material remains of past human life and activities.
Aristocracy
Government by persons of high rank.
Armistice
A temporary suspension of hostilities.
A short truce or cessation of fighting.
Arsenal
A place where weapons and ammunition are manufactured and stored.
Ascetic
Given to self denial for spiritual and discipline.
Arson
Willful setting on fire another’s house or property or one’s own when it is insured.
Assassin
One who undertakes to kill treacherously.
Atheist
one who does not believe in the existence of a supreme being (God).
Auditorium
A room or building used for lectures etc.
Autobiography
An account of one’s life written by himself.
Autocracy
Supreme government by an individual.
Autonomous
Self government in administration.
Avaricious
Greedy of gain.
Aviary
A place for keeping birds confined.
(B)
Bachelor
An unmarried person
Bankrupt
One who cannot pay off his debts.
Bayard
A chivalrous person
Bellicose
Inclined to contending, fighting etc.
Bellona
A woman of commanding appearance
Biannual
Coming twice a year
Bibliophile
A love of books
Biennial
Occurring after every two years.
Bigamy
The act of ceremonially marrying a woman when one is already married to another woman.
Bigot
One intolerantly devoted to one’s belief, opinion etc.
Bilingual
In two languages
Biography
History of a person written by some else.
Biology
Science of life
Bipend
Having two feet.
Bivouac
Temporary encampment without camps in the open air at night.
Blaspheme
To talk impiously about sacred things.
Blond
A man having fair complexion and hair.
Blonde
A women having light golden skin and hair.
Bluestocking
Woman having or affecting literary taste ad learning.
Bohemian
A socially unconventional person.
Botany
Science of plants and herbs.
Brewery
A place where wine is manufactured.
Brittle
That which is easily broken.
Brunette
One having dark hair and skin.
Bureaucracy
Government by high ranking officials.
Bureaucrant
A high ranking government official
Burglar
One who breaks into house by night with intent to commit a felony.

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