Monday, March 21, 2011

English Tense: Past Perfect

English Tense: Past Perfect
(Subject + had + III form of the Verb ......)
Past Perfect Tense is in reality, the past of the past. It is used when we say that an action was completed before another action took place. Both the actions are related to each other in some way. The action already completed is expressed by Past Perfect Tense. The action which takes place later is expressed by Simple Past or Past Indefinite Tense as:
The train had left before I reached the station.

In order to form the Past Perfect Tense we use 'had' before the Past Participle (III) form of the Verb.
(i)       In Interrogative form [‘Had’ is used before the subject]
(Had + Subject + not + III form of the Verb + ...... ?)
Had he left when you came?
Had the doctor arrived before the patient died?
(ii)       In Negative form [‘not’ is used after ‘had’]
(Subject + had + not + III form of the Verb + ......)
I had not seen you before.
The doctor had not reached before the patient breathed his last.
Uses of the Past Perfect Tense
(a) The Past Perfect Tense is used to express an action completed before another action took place:
When he came to me, I had posted the letter.
The match had begun before I reached the playground.
The rain had stopped, when we entered the cinema hall.
(b) In a Simple Sentence we never use the Past Perfect Tense unless it has in it some such words ; as—still, before, never, already, till, since etc.,
The Mother had already cooked the food.
She had never seen such a terrible sight before.
She had not travelled by a train till then.
I had not written to her since I went abroad.
(c) (i) It is also used to express an unfulfilled action in the past:
If she had worked hard she would have passed.
If you had come in time we would have taken you with us.
   (ii) It is also used to express an unfulfilled wish in the past:
I wish I had won the election.
I wish I had accepted the job.
I wish I had appeared at the test.
            (d) To denote the action or event which has been completed before some point of time.
By afternoon he had completed much work.
At 9 P.M. all the members had come.
By sunset, we had watered the plants.
 We can express time by using some 'time-denoting'. Adverbs or through Adverbial clauses of Time. The combination of two past actions depends upon their mutual relevance.
Examples:
I had waited for my friend until he arrived.
After he had sailed many days the mariner reached the coast.
She had not been well since she returned from Lahore.
I had taken a bath when the telephone rang.

People who read this post also read :



8 comments:

aliya seen said...

The essay revision service is a good practice but this doesn’t mean that you can’t ask for help when needed.

aliya seen said...

Excellent post i just wanna ask that can i have videos of all tenses? thesis proofreading

mba editing services said...

this so informative post. thanks for share this post.

Thomas Venney said...

Like any other essay writing MBA candidate, it can be frightening and worrisome when you reach the point of writing those actual essays for the schools of your choice. With the multitude of essay editing services out there, it can be tough trying to decide which one to help you write your statement of purpose for MBA programs. visit the site

Sarah Ava said...

Wonderful post.

Sarah Ava said...

When searching for job a resume is critical to securing yourself a space at a meeting. Getting the resume blend right has been the place many people miss it despite the fact that it appears a basic undertaking. How would you do it right?If you know about resume writing tips you can easily make your resume.http://www.cheapproofreading.net/accurate-and-cheap-proofreading/

Alisa Stevenson said...

Glad to know this information.

Alisa Stevenson said...

Among one of the most vital problems of creating a top quality course jobs is choosing a suitable topic. It typically positions a major trouble for students as they have little experience in this issue. good site always helpfule to all.

Post a Comment

Please leave your comments!