Read the passage below and answer Questions 1-12.
The reading passage has six paragraphs A-F.
Choose the most suitable heading for each paragraph from the list of headings below. Write the correct number i-ix in the space provided.
List of Headings
i Fountain pens are history
ii Fame at last for the Biro brothers •
iii A holiday helps bring the biro to
iv A second design and a new country
v War halts progress
vi Dissatisfaction leads to a new invention
vii Big claims bring big crowds
viii A government request brings a change of ownership
ix Many patents and many problems
1 Paragraph A .
2 Paragraph B .
3 Paragraph C .
4 Paragraph D .
5 Paragraph E .
6 Paragraph F .
Choose the correct answer, A, B, C or D.
7 The problem with the ballpoint pens invented between 1888 and 1935 was that
A they cost a great deal of money to manufacture.
B the technology to manufacture them did not exist.
C they could not write on ordinary paper:
D they were affected by weather conditions.
8 The design of the Biro brothers' first pen
A was similar to previous pens.
B was based on capillary action,
C worked with heavy or light inks.
D worked when slanted slightly.
9 Milton Reynolds was able to copy the Biro brothers' design because
A the Biro brothers' original patent was out of date.
B it was legal to copy other designs at the time.
C they did not have a patent for NorthD the Biro brothers gave him permission.
Answer the questions below using NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER for each answer.
Write your answers in the spaces provided.
10 What material was the first ballpoint pen designed to write on?___________
11 Where did the Biro brothers open their first factory?___________
12 In what year did the first American biro factory begin production?___________
Answers: 1 vii 2ix 3vi 4 iv 5viii 6 iii
7D 8A 9 C 10 leather 11 (in)