Monday, April 25, 2011

IELTS English Vocabulary - F - H

F
FACILITATE:
(verb) Help, aid, make easy. For example: 'Agreement and cooperation between the two Governments has helped to facilitate the programme.'
FACILITIES:
(noun) Amenities, services available. Example: 'The facilities at the new leisure centre are excellent.'

FACTOR:
(noun) issue, feature, aspect, reason. For example: 'There are a number of factors which influence an increase in crime.'
FAMILIARITY:
(noun) Sense of knowing something very well. Example: 'With familiarity, it becomes easier to have conversations in English'.
FEATURE:
(noun) characteristic, trait, quality. For example: 'The computer programme has a number of features which are extremely user-friendly.'
FEDERAL:
(adjective) Centralised (related to Government). For example: 'The Federal Government of the U.S.A. controls laws and issues relating to all States.'
FEE:
(noun) Charge, payment. For example: 'Entry to the park used to be free but now visitors are asked to pay a small fee.'
FILE:
(noun) Report, profile, record. For example: 'A CV and copy of qualifications are kept in the staff file of each employee.'
FINAL:
(adjective) Last, ending. For example: 'The final point relating to this issue is the most significant'
FINANCE:
(noun) Money, funding. For example: 'Hospitals in the public sector often have difficulty obtaining enough finance to provide quality healthcare.'
FINITE:
(adjective) Limited, set. For example: 'Fossil fuels, such as coal, are a finite resource and it is important to find an alternative before supplies are used up completely.'
FIRST HAND:
(adjective) From personal experience or from the original source. Example: 'Overseas volunteers get first hand experience of problems some people face in poorer countries.'
FLEXIBLE:
(adjective) Adaptable, open to change. For example: 'Hours worked by students in part-time jobs need to be flexible so they can take time off if necessary for revision.'
FLOWCHART:
(noun) A diagram showing the sequence of events. Example: 'The process was explained clearly by use of a flowchart'.
FLUCTUATE:
(verb) Vary, change, rise and fall. For example: 'It can be seen from the graph that expenditure fluctuated from March to July, after which it steadily increased.'
FLUENCY:
(noun) A measure of how clear and connected your speech is. Example: 'He knows a lot of grammar, but has difficulty speaking - he has very poor fluency'.
FOCUS:
(verb) Direct attention towards a central, focal point. For example: 'The majority of people seem to agree that the Government should focus on increasing job opportunities for school leavers.'
FORMAT:
(noun) Arrangement, layout, design. For example: 'I like the format of the new text book, it is clear and easy to follow.'
FORMULA:
(noun) Method, recipe, blueprint. For example: 'Many movies these days are not based upon new ideas, simply new actors and locations following an old formula.'
FORTHCOMING:
(adjective) Approaching, coming soon, imminent. For example: 'The forthcoming election is likely to result in a change of Government.'
FOUND:
(verb) establish, set up. For example: 'The university has a long history and was founded in 1903.'
FOUNDATION:
(noun) Base, basis. For example: 'My business diploma has provided a good foundation for my studies, now I hope to study a Bachelor’s Degree.'
FRAMEWORK:
(noun) Structure, basis. For example: 'The framework of the course includes all aspects of study which relate to my job.'
FRUSTRATING:
(adjective) Annoying, irritating. Example: 'Learning a foreign language can be frustrating if there are not many opportunities to practise.'
FULLY:
(adverb) Completely, 100%. Example: 'I fully understand his point of view'.
FUNCTION:
(verb) Purpose, meaning, role. For example: 'The main function of the department is quality control.'
FUND:
(verb) Finance, support financially. For example: 'Many university students take on part-time work to help to fund their studies.'
FURTHERMORE:
(adverb). Additionally, also. Example: 'Drug use is illegal and furthermore it is damaging to health.'
G
GENDER:
(noun). Sex, male or female. Example: 'Women in the workplace are still sometimes discriminated against because of their gender.'
GENERAL:
(adjective). Not particular or exact. Example: 'I have a general idea as to what I will be studying on my course, but no specific information yet.'
GENERATE:
(verb). Produce, cause. Example: 'It is hoped that the new advertising campaign will create enough interest to generate a huge increase in sales.'
GENERATION:
(noun). Age group, age bracket. Example: 'It is often difficult to understand the thinking of people of different generations'
GENERIC:
(adjective) General, not specific. Example: 'Generic sales letters are less successful than those personalised for the receiver.'
GET SIDETRACKED:
(Verb phrase) To lose focus. Example: 'When reading an IELTS passage for specific information, it is important not to get sidetracked with small details.'
GLOBAL:
(adjective). Worldwide. Example: 'Global awareness is increasing as more and more people travel and are able to experience different countries firsthand.'
GLOSSARY:
(noun) A list of words and explanations at the end of a text. Example: 'Some IELTS reading passages will have a short glossary at the end'.
GOAL:
(noun). Objective, aim. Example: 'The goal of the training programme is to improve communication within the team.'
good:
good
GRADE:
(noun). Score, mark. Example: 'It is important to answer the question correctly in order to achieve a high grade in the exam.'
GRAMMAR TENSE:
(noun phrase) Structures used to show past, present or future. E.g. Present simple tense, past continuous tense.
GRAMMATICAL RANGE:
(noun phrase) A variety of sentence structures and tenses. Example: 'It is important to demonstrate a wide grammatical range in the IELTS test.'
GRAMMATICALLY:
(Adverb) To do with grammar.
GRANT:
(noun). Financial subsidy to offer support. Example: 'Government grants for higher education allow students from poorer families to also gain a university education.'
GRATEFUL:
(adjective) Thankful. Example: 'I am very grateful to my teacher as I learned a lot from him'.
GRATITUDE:
(noun) A state of being thankful or grateful. Example: 'Guests often show their gratitutde by bringing a small gift.'
GUARANTEE:
(verb). Assure, make certain. Example: 'Many young people nowadays are deciding against going to university as they think that a university degree will not guarantee them a job.'
(noun) An assurance that something is protected. Example: 'He got a three year guarantee with his new television'.
A guarantee is also called a warranty
GUIDELINE:
(noun). Suggested rule to follow. Example: 'The Government has issued healthy eating guidelines to schools in an effort make school meals healthier.'
H
HENCE:
So, therefore, because. The government has increased taxes, hence many educated people are leaving for foreign countries to find work.
HIERARCHY:
(noun) A group of people or things arranged in order of rank or grade. Example: 'Most larger corporations have a management hierarchy'.
HIGHLIGHT:
(verb). Draw attention to, emphasise. Example: 'The increase in homeless people over recent years highlights the need for a better social welfare system.'
HONOUR:
(noun) Privilege. Example: 'It was an honour to meet the Queen'.
HORIZONTAL:
(adjective) Parallel to level ground. Example: If you have backache, it is recommended that you remain horizontal in bed.
HUMANITARIAN:
(adjective) Caring, civilised, kind. Example: 'Humanitarian organisations deliver food and supplies to poor communities all over the world.'
HYPOTHESIS:
(noun). Theory, assumption. Example: 'The research conducted so far indicates that the hypothesis is accurate.'
HYPOTHETICAL:
(adjective) Theoretical, supposed. Example: 'The presentation he gave was based based on a hypothetical situation.'

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