Monday, April 25, 2011

IELTS English Vocabulary - S

S
SCENARIO:
(noun) Situation, circumstance. For example: 'Several scenarios could occur as a result if this change.'
SCHEDULE:
(noun) Plan, timetable, programme. For example: 'He will be on a very busy schedule during his business trip and will have very little free time.'

SCHEME:
(noun) Plan, idea, project. For example: 'Many schools offer work experience schemes to give students the opportunity to experience the workplace.'
SCOPE:
(noun) Range, capacity, extent. For example: 'The full scope of the damage caused by the earthquake is still unknown.'
SECTION:
(noun) part, division. For example: 'Business reports are broken down into sections to allow readers to find information more quickly.'
SECTOR:
(noun) Segment, subdivision. For example: 'There is generally a shortage of workers in the healthcare sector.'
Occupational sector relates to different categories of job. Example: 'Salaries are often high for people working in the professional sector'.
SECURE:
(adjective) Safe, protected. For example: 'Since the company is experiencing financial problems a large number of jobs may no longer be secure.'
SEEK:
(verb) Look for, search for, try to find. For example: 'Most people seek happiness in their lives.'
SELECT:
(verb) Choose, pick. For example: 'The new team for the next Olympic Games will be selected soon.'
SEMI-FORMAL:
(adjective) Between casual and formal. Example: 'The dress code for the party is semi-formal. Suits and ties are not necessary, but jeans are not permitted.'
INFORMAL (casual). Example: 'Jeans are informal clothes'.
FORMAL (not casual). Example: 'A suit and tie are formal clothes'.
SENIOR:
(adjective). Older, more respected, higher ranked. Example: 'New employees can get useful guidance from senior staff'.
SENSITIVE:
(adjective) Delicate. Example: 'Topics that may cause offence to some people are sensitive issues.'
SENTENCE:
(noun) The penalty given for a crime. The judge gave him a long prison sentence for the crime.
(verb) To punish someone for a crime. For example: 'He was sentenced to 2 years in prison for the robbery'.
SENTIMENTAL VALUE:
(noun phrase) Something important but not because of money but because of emotional importance or attachment. Example: 'The necklace I had from my grandmother is not worth much money but it has great sentimental value to me'.
SEQUENCE:
(noun) Order, series, progression. For example: 'An unfortunate sequence of events led to the closure of the factory.'
SEQUENCING WORD:
(noun phrase) Words showing order of how something happens/happened.  E.g. then, after that, following
SERIES:
(noun) String, chain, run. For example: 'The company has received a series of complaints about its customer service.'
SHIFT:
(noun) Move, swing, change (towards or away from a pattern of behaviour). For example: 'Increased health awareness has resulted in a shift away from fatty foods.'
SHORT-SIGHTED:
(adjective) Unable to see future consequences; unable to think over the long term. Example: 'Many people think it is short-sighted not to take care of the environment'.
SIGNIFICANT:
(adjective) Major, large, big. For example: 'The graph shows a significant decrease in numbers of smokers.'
(adverb = significantly)
SIMILAR:
(adjective) Alike, almost the same, related, comparable. For example: 'We often have similar opinions and perceptions as our parents.'
SIMILARITY:
(noun) Being the same or similar to something/someone else. Example: 'I think there are many similarities between here and my hometown. For example, the weather is about the same'.
SIMULATE:
(verb) Copy, replicate, imitate. For example: 'Car manufacturers often simulate accidents in quality checks to assess the safety of their vehicles.'
SITE:
(noun) Location. For example: 'The site for the new school has now been decided and building will commence soon.'
SLIGHTLY:
(adverb) A little, not much. Example: 'The lecturer said my coursework was slightly improved but I still needed to work harder.'
SOLE:
(adjective) Only, one and only, singular. For example: 'Many people believe that human impact is the sole cause of global warming.'
SOMEWHAT:
(adjective) rather, fairly, to some extent. For example: 'The topic is somewhat controversial.'
SOURCE:
(noun) Resource, supply. For example: 'The internet is a useful source of information.'
SPECIFIC:
(adjective) Particular or exact. Example: 'It is important to give some specific examples in your writing test.'
SPECIFY:
(verb) Detail, identify, give clear information. For example: 'The instrcutions specified clearly what we had to do.'
SPECULATE:
(verb) To make a guess, prediction, estimation. 'He speculated that Italy would win the competition'.
SPECULATION: (noun)
SPHERE:
(noun) Area, field. For example: 'There are many opportunities in the sphere of business at the moment.'
SPLIT:
(adjective) Separated, divided, not united. Example: 'Opinion on this controversial issue is split'.
SPONSORSHIP:
(noun) Financial supporting; funding. Example: 'Some forms of the arts, such as ballet, require government sponsorship in order to continue.'
STABLE:
(adjective) Steady, secure. For example: 'The economy is currently very stable and consumer expenditure is high .'
STARVATION:
(noun) Hunger which could lead to death. Example: 'Starvation is still common in some regions of the world.'
STATE:
(verb) To make clear, to say something firmly. Example: 'The terms of the refund policy were stated on the ticket'.
STATEMENT:
(noun).  A sentence showing opinion or fact. Example: 'Some IELTS writing tasks give you a statement and then ask your opinion about it.'
STATISTIC:
(noun) Numerical data. For example: 'Statistics show that more men than women smoke.'
STATIVE VERB:
(noun phrase) A verb wihch describes a feeling, emotion, or state. Example: love, hate, believe, think, own.
STATUS:
(noun) Position, recognition, importance. For example: 'Many people seek promotion not just for financial gain but also for status.'
STRAIGHTFORWARD:
(adjective) Direct, simple, clear. Example: 'Some answers in the IELTS test are straightforward. Others are more difficult.'
STRATEGY:
(noun) Plan, tactic. For example: 'Different people find that different study strategies work best for them.'
STRESS:
(noun) Pressure, anxiety, nervous tension. For example: 'A large number of school teachers suffer from stress due to their job.'
STRESSFUL:
(adjective) Causing worry and concern. Example: 'Buying a new house can be very stressful'.
STRIKE:
(noun) An industrial protest where people stop working. Example: 'The Teacher's Union is organising a strike to protest about low pay.'
STRIKING:
(adjective) Clear, obvious, notable. Example: 'Tigers have very striking orange and black markings on their coats'.
STRUCTURE:
(noun) The way in which parts are arranged or put together. Example: 'A good essay should have a clear structure'.
(verb) To arrange something into clear parts or order. Example: 'It is important to structure your answer clearly in the IELTS test'.
STYLE:
(noun) Method, approach, way, manner. For example: 'The majority of workers are unhappy with the new boss and his management style.'
SUBHEADING:
(noun) A heading under the main heading showing a sub section. Example:
SUBMIT:
(verb) Present, give in, put forward. For example: 'University assignments need to be submitted by due date or a penalty will apply.'
SUBORDINATE:
(noun) Someone subject to authority and control of another. For example: 'A good manager should support and motivate his subordinates.'
SUBSEQUENT:
(adverb) Following, consequent. For example: 'The problem was already out of hand and subsequent events have made it even worse.'
SUBSIDY:
(noun) Financial assistance, grant, funding. For example: 'Subsidies are available to businesses who meet the application criteria.'
SUBSTITUTE:
(noun) Something which replaces or takes the place of something else. For example: 'Substitute teachers take over classes temporarily when permanent staff are away from work.'
SUCCESSOR:
(noun) A person who replaces another in a specific role. For example: 'The president's successor is yet to be decided.'
SUFFER:
(verb) Endure, bear (negative experience or situation). Example: 'Students suffer because of poor funding in education.'
SUFFICIENT:
(adjective) Enough, adequate. For example: 'It is a basic human right to have sufficient food to eat, warm housing and clothing.'
SUITABLE:
(adjective) well matched, appropriate. Example: 'He is very suitable for the position as he has all the skills required'.
Antonym: unsuitable (not well matched, inappropriate)
SUM:
(noun) Figure, amount. For example: 'A huge sum of money will be required from the Government to fund improvements in the area.'
SUMMARY:
(noun) Outline, review of main facts. For example: 'In summary, it can be seen that the following advantages and disadvantages exist.'
SUPERIOR:
(adjective) Better than, above. Example: 'Some people believe that BMWs are superior cars'.

ALSO MEANS:

(adjective) More senior, important. Example: 'Mr Jones is my immediate superior at work - he's quite a good boss'.

SUPERLATIVE:
(grammar term) The form of an adjective used for comparing something against two or more things. Example: Tall > the tallest
SUPPLEMENT:
(verb) Add to, enhance, extend. For example: 'The Government often supplements the income of mothers returning to work in part-time jobs.'
SUPPORT:
(verb) To back up, to make an argument stronger / believable. Example: 'It is important to support your arguments with examples in the IELTS writing test'.
SUPPORTING INFORMATION:
(noun phrase). Additional details. Example: 'Paragraphs generally focus on a main message but also include supporting information'
SURNAME:
(noun) A person's family name.
SURVEY:
(noun) Study, investigation, analysis. For example: 'The results of the survey will be published ina report.'
SURVIVE:
(verb) Continue to exist, stay alive, live on. For example: 'Cheaper imports from abroad make it difficult for many companies to survive.'
SUSPEND:
(verb) bar from a privilege, exclude for a period of time. For example: 'Children who misbehave at school are often suspended from class as punishment.'
SUSTAIN:
(verb) Maintain, keep up. For example: 'Advertising is an important tool for sustaining sales of an older product.'
SYMBOL:
(noun) Sign, representation, icon. For example: 'Expensive cars are a symbol of wealth.'
SYNONYM:
(noun) A word that has the same meaning as another. Example happy/joyful, sad/depressed.

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1 comments:

Manjot kaur said...

It is really interesting for me to read this article. Thanks for it. I like such topics and everything connected to them.

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